There are other issues that make a full coyote swap more difficult, one of the biggest being no provision for a power steering pump, and I believe the placement of the alternator interferes with our frame rail, so something has to be done about that. One of the biggest problems for you and I though has to do with emissions testing. While NJ is nowhere near as strict as CA, it does do emissions testing through the OBD2 port. Ford's PATS system would require a coyote swap using a factory ECM to also use the BCM, instrument cluster, and possibly some other factory modules in the swap, otherwise it won't fire the engine, and this is not something that can be tuned out. Ford does sell the aftermarket controller for it, however even though it has an ODB2 port, it is not fully OBD2 compliant, and does not support things like EVAP and rear O2 sensors, so in any state that tests emissions based on an OBD2 scan, you can not install a Coyote into anything 96 or newer. The only solution to this is to eliminate the VVT with a kit that locks the actuators in place, but then you are giving up about 50hp on the top end, and over 100lb-ft of torque in the mid-range, at which point, the complications of the swap are no longer worth it, since you could make the same power with a DOHC 4.6 for a lot less headache. I don't think this mod is worth pulling a good running motor apart for, however if you are going to do a 4.6 performance rebuild anyway, this could be worth doing to gain a little extra displacement, and a stronger crankshaft for cheap.
I forget where it's at, and I can't seem to find it at the moment, but I remember reading somewhere on the State of California's website somewhere regarding engine "changes" (swap). Basically, so long as the engine is newer than the engine designed for the vehicle, it's OK to use AS LONG AS
all the emissions equipment for said newer engine are included with the engine swap. And of course, any emissions equipment (read exhaust manifolds, intake system, and CAT(s)) that are modified, are CARB certified.
The other thing about doing an engine swap here in California, is that it has to be reviewed by a referee. If the referee approves of the swap, you'll get a piece of paper saying so and you shouldn't have any issues at inspection time (or if you get pulled over....so long as you're not racing, lol) every other year.
Also, inspection time is only for vehicles 5yrs old and older, and every other year there after. So year 5, 7, 9, 11, etc. is how often the car will get checked. Inspection is only inspecting to make sure that all emissions systems are in place (CAT(s), EGR, IACV, etc.), there are no CELs turned on, and a scan via the vehicle's OBD-II port which goes through all functions of the vehicle. Vehicles 1999 and older, get these listed items checked AND go through the "sniffer test" as well.
IMO, doing a Coyote swap here in CA (legally) would be a cumbersome process, but it can be done. I think if I were to ever do an engine swap, it would be a built 4v-4.6L engine with a blower. Then a month or so before the sniffer test, I'd swap in my stock 2v-4.6L, re-flash the ECU, and get it done. After that, swap back the 4v engine and all its goodies, re-flash the ECU for 4v specs, and be good for two more years.
EDIT: Found it
. I guess it didn't state what I wrote above, but it alludes to it. They must have updated it, or I'm remembering incorrectly. The full blown PDF
. It looks like page 69 has the pertinent info related to engine swaps here in California.